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Rubber extrusion is the process of shaping rubber materials into a certain shape. Manufacturers utilize a rubber extruder machine to create this form. Read More…
Extruded RubberExtruded rubber is the product of the process of heating, pressurizing and forcing raw rubber materials through a die. Once the rubber has passed through the die, which is a chamber that molds the rubber into a specified shape, it is cooled and sometimes treated.
GSH Industries supplies rubber extrusions to a range of industries. We offer rubber in materials such as Neoprene, Viton®, Nitrile, Silicone & more. We have tooling ability to create intricate profiles ensuring rubber goods are of the highest quality.
National Rubber values quality, consistency, and fast delivery of our products. Our components are made from a variety of elastomers such as neoprene and silicone, and our team members are capable of turning your drawing into the part you need.
Kent Elastomer Products manufactures dip molded parts and rubber tubing products. As the largest producers of dipped natural rubber latex tubing, we offer a choice of sizes and colors. Our natural rubber latex tubing is made in the USA. We do extruded PVC, TPE in a variety of sizes.
We got our beginning in 1954 and ever since then we have been manufacturing custom rubber extrusion solutions for customers around the world! We are a family and employee owned business dedicated to ensuring that our customers are receiving customer care that cannot be matched by the competition! Visit our website today to learn more about what we may be able to do for you!
Rubber extrusion is the process of shaping rubber materials into a certain shape. Manufacturers utilize a rubber extruder machine to create this form.
A heated shearing screw conveyor and a die are the two basic components of a rubber extruder. Under the pressure of an extruder, extruded pieces are driven into a die with the requisite cross-section.
Soft, unvulcanized rubber compounds are commonly fed into the extruder to make these pieces. The rubber remains soft and malleable as a result of the extrusion process. The resulting extruded items in this situation will often need to be vulcanized, or hardened, before they can be used.
Rubber Extrusion Process
To begin the rubber extrusion process, a rubber compound is put into an extruder. Next, the material goes into a feed hopper, which collects and feeds it into the flutes of a rotating screw.
The rubber will be carried forward into the die by the screw, with pressure and temperature increasing as the material gets closer to the die.
When the material reaches the die, the built-up pressure drives it through the apertures, causing it to expand to different degrees depending on the material compound and hardness. Due to this expansion tendency, many extruded items require plus or minus tolerances on their cross-sections.
Depending on the rubber compound employed, the extruded rubber will expand or shrink in cross-sections and length during vulcanization.
After vulcanization, a length of rubber extrusion will shrink in size more in the middle of the length than at the ends.
Die For Rubber Extrusion
An extrusion die is a precise and particular instrument created by cutting a hole in a steel blank. The opening will be shaped to fit the desired finished rubber cross-section for an extruded item.
Once in place, the rubber material will be driven through the die by the pressure generated by the extruder's revolving screw. Many rubber compounds swell as they pass through the extrusion die, causing them to expand in size.
As a result, each die is customized for each part and material to ensure that the finished extruded rubber part meets all tolerances.
Lathe Cut Rubber
Extruding a tube of rubber, cutting it to a specific length, sliding it onto a mandrel, curing the material, grinding the OD, and finally cutting the finished item to length using a lathe are all steps in the lathe cutting process.
Washers and gaskets with high precision tolerances are good candidates for this technique. Square-cut edged components are optimal for this operation; however, in some circumstances, a beveled edge can be added. The majority of today's elastomeric materials can be made utilizing the lathe cutting method.
This method is commonly used to make everything from small washers for garden hoses to big gaskets for pails or drum lids. In general, this production process is best suited for high-volume applications.
Mandrel Formed Tubing
Mandrel forming is a labor-intensive and one-of-a-kind procedure. The material is first extruded to a defined outer and inside diameter before being cut to a specific length. The tubes are then inserted or pressed onto a mandrel in the shape of the finished item via a process called "sticking."
A cart with a rack of mandrels is used for high-volume applications. The cart is then transferred into the autoclave for curing once the tubes have been "stuck." The components are removed from the mandrels after curing.
Most of the time, the parts are moved to a sort of washing machine to remove any release agents or other materials utilized throughout the procedure. The ends of the components are chopped to length with a chop saw after they have been washed.
Components where kinking in a straight tube could occur if bent are common uses for mandrel-produced parts. This procedure involves both simple 90-degree bends and more sophisticated multiple bends.
Applications of Extruded Rubber
Custom rubber extrusions can be cut from extruded rubber in various lengths, forms, and rubber compounds to fulfill a variety of temperature, weather, and technical requirements.
EPDM or neoprene, for example, can be extruded like dense rubber or sponge rubber. Extruded rubber items include the following:
Hoses with mandrels
Seals for doors, cabinets, and windows
Window sealing for public transportation
Square tubes for pressure switches
Advantages of Rubber Extrusion
The rubber extrusion technique has numerous advantages, including: